Most unsuitable for flights of tourists, landing on an airplane, begin to feel an irresistible feeling of fear. We are all accustomed to walking on solid and stable ground, but it is worth a little bit to tear us away from it, as fear begins to wrap so that there is tingling in the fingers and the moistness of the hands.
And everything from the foreboding that the engine will refuse and the plane will happen something awful. And how else to carry turbulence and air pits? Is not it really very frightening words from one uncertainty? Let's look at everything in order.
According to dictionaries, turbulence is a phenomenon that occurs when the velocity of the gas flow increases, due to which involuntary waves are generated. Simply put, if an airplane gets into the fluctuating air stream, it also starts to shake. However, this is not the only obstacle to the plane. There are also air pits.
Under the air holes it is necessary to understand the pressure drop that forces the aircraft to suddenly fall down regardless of its control (at least, as it is written in the dictionary). In fact, the plane does not fall. During the flight, it can fall into the downstream air stream, through which the vertical speed of lifting involuntarily decreases, suppose not to 20 m / s, and up to 15 m / s.
The downward air flow is replaced by the ascending, and everything is repeated in reverse order. It seems that the aircraft is "diving" in the air, so incredible thoughts fall into the head. But to argue with nature is useless, and sometimes it is necessary to overcome such flows. Therefore, modern aircraft have a more robust construction and mounting, due to which it does not lose control in any situation.
However, whatever the definitions described above would be terrible, it is important to understand that turbulence and air holes can not in any way hurt the plane, so you are not afraid of anything. All these phenomena are known from the very beginning as people began to operate planes. Naturally, the planning, creation and construction of aircraft are accompanied by data on the maximum allowable loads that the aircraft will have to face in the sky.
The most important of these loads, of course, is turbulence and air holes. Every day around the world there are about 130,000 commercial flights, 87-90% of which are one way or another fall into the zone of these phenomena. Over the past 25 years, no air crash has occurred due to turbulence or air holes. The most important thing is to stay securely fastened during the flight. So you reduce the risk of getting any injury to a minimum.
It should be noted that when an airplane flies even through the strongest turbulence, then the load on it can be compared to the load on a car that moves along an uneven road, and nothing more. Turbulence and air pockets are absolutely safe for the aircraft. It is possible to receive an injury only if during an airplane jolt stand in the aisle. In this case, you can not keep the balance and touch any angle or get a kick from the suitcase, which is badly secured on the upper luggage compartment. Other dangers for airplanes and passengers even at the strongest turbulence are excluded.
It is very important to observe the words "Secure the belt of safety" or "Return to your place". Follow these commands with particular vigilance and speed, and do not leave your armchair until these inscriptions disappear.
All of the above shows that the plane is the safest mode of transport. Therefore, it is not necessary to fall into panic during a shaking. Remember, the design of modern aircraft is adapted to such phenomena, so if you had to encounter turbulence or air pockets, then close your eyes and remember some nice event. Sitting in his chair and securely fastening, you are guaranteed to be safe. Good luck to you!