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Rome is the capital of Italy, the largest city in the country and the most visited place in the world. It is located on 12 hills, and the center itself - the old city - on seven. From the north to the south through Rome flows the Tibre River.

Our journey begins with the Arch of Constantine, which is one of the largest ever built in the city. It was built in 315 in honor of the 10th anniversary of the reign of Constantine, which he gained in 312 during the Battle of Ponte Millivio. To decorate the arch used many bas-reliefs and sculptures, which were removed from other monuments.

 


 

Then we will head to the Basilica of San Paolo Foory le Moore, built at Constantine the Great at the very place where the tomb of the Apostle Paul was located. In 1823, the basilica was severely affected by the fire, and in 1854 it was again blessed. From the rest of the fragments of the burnt building, one can distinguish the courtyard with colored double columns.

Afterwards, visit the Vatican palaces, form the most remarkable monumental architectural complexes in the world. Their collection began in the 14th century in order to create a residence of the popes. The original residence was in Lauteran, and then it was already transferred to Avignon. The first pope was Gregory XI, who settled in the Vatican, and his successors continued to improve and expand the palace complex.

Castle Sant'Angelo, which explores the palaces, originally served as the emperor's burial ground, and was therefore transformed into a fortress in the Middle Ages. He is called the mausoleum of Adrian. To connect this magnificent monument with the Mars Field, the Bridge of Sant'Angelo, which consists of three central arches and two platforms, was installed. The sloping platforms in turn are supported by three arches on the right bank and two more on the left.

The Colosseum, worthy of our attention, is a symbol of the glory of the Eternal City and exceeds the size of all the amphitheater built in Rome. Its construction began with the first years of Vespasian's rule, and in the 80's Tit ordered the opening of the amphitheater. After the fires of 217 and 250 years. His restoration was engaged Alexander North and Detsius. After VI century the building was forgotten. Due to frequent earthquakes that caused irreparable destruction, the Coliseum fragments began to be used as building material for other structures over time.

Also, staying in Rome is worth a visit to the Pantheon. Its oldest building was built in 27 AD - the Temple of all the Gods. Between 118-128 gg. The temple was thoroughly finished and acquired the same forms that can be seen today. At the moment, the Pantheon is a national mausoleum. The desire to be buried there first was expressed by the famous artist Raphael. Already later, other celebrities were buried here, including representatives of the Savoy Dynasty.

The road leads us to the Roman catacombs, is a sanctuary. They are located on the Apiive Road, where the pictures of the first Christians who used these premises for gathering and burial of the deceased were preserved. Catacombs of San Callisto have not yet been studied and studied. They lay on four levels, and their length is about 20 km. Some of the rooms are decorated with frescoes.

To date, as a symbol of the ancient empire, Rome combines the greatness of past time and the romance of modern times. It allows you to relax in the chic restaurants that are located on spacious squares, in the shady summer cafes that occupy the narrow streets of the old neighborhoods. It is worth noting that within the limits of Rome is an independent state - the Vatican.

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