The second most visited by the city of Austria after the famous Vienna is Salzburg, it is also called the city of Mozart. It is located in the Alps, at an altitude of 425 meters above sea level. For thousands of years, the city was part of Germany, which borders on it. Like most of the oldest cities in Europe, Salzburg is small. The center, with all the sights, can be bypassed for 1 day.
It is better to start the walk from the part of the city, which is located on the left bank of the river Saltsah: from the Town Hall Square to the north, along the street Getreidegasse. Here is the house number 9. It, in 1756, was born Amadeus Mozart. Part of this building that overlooks the University Square has preserved its ancient appearance, but the facade has changed a lot. On June 15, 1880, a museum was opened in the house, and now it occupies three floors of a centuries-old building. For all the admirers of Mozart's work, it is just a source of impressions. The museum has keyboard clusters, on which the young Mozart, his alto, two violins, scores played.
Leaving the museum, you get to the University Square, where the noisy bazaar operates on weekends. From the surrounding area here, many farmers bring their products to the sale. In addition to the freshest vegetables and fruits, you can also buy folk crafts and numerous souvenirs. The decoration of the university square is the Monumental church, which was built in the early 18th century. Inside there is a baroque altar, decorated with images of angels and Virgin Mary. Seven red marble columns are in the center of the hall.
From the University Square, then the path lies to the south-east. Walking a little, you get to Altmarket Square. Here is a city monument, namely, a house number 9. This is the smallest building in Salzburg. The width of the facade is one and a half meters and it was built in the 15th century. There is also an old pharmacy, which has been operating since the 17th century until now.
To the south on the streets of Goldgasse or Juendgasse you will get to Mozartplatz, or the area of Mozart. Here is the most famous monument of Zalburg - a statue of the Bronze of Mozart. It was created by sculptor Ludwig von Schwanthaler. The statue was erected in 1842 in the presence of the sons of the prominent composer.
Turning St. Michael's Church, while keeping your way to the west, you arrive at Rezidentsplatz. The center is hit by the Residenzbrunnen marble fountain, which is one of the largest in the world. It was established in 1661 by order of the Salzburg Archbishop. In the south, the area is decorated with the Cathedral. It was constructed in 1614 by the Italian Santino Solarium on the foundation of the once existing Romanesque cathedral, burned down in 1598. Its height reaches 76 m, and can accommodate up to 10,000 people. Exterior and inside the building are decorated with figures of the Apostles and Saints.
From the square, it is convenient to climb Hohensalzburg, which is a symbol of the city. This is one of the largest buildings in Europe. It is located on the top of Mount Festungberg, which offers a beautiful view of Salzburg. The fortress area is 33,000 m? She happened to be from the Romanesque castle, built in 1077 by Archbishop Gebhard to repel the Bavarians. Fortress for centuries strengthened and rebuilt. On its territory is an open fortress museum, in which you can clearly see the history of the city and the fortress itself.
Going back to the square near the cathedral, you can go to the waterfront to the Mozart Bridge. Walking along it, you get to the right bank of the city. Here, first of all, you can go to the cemetery of St. Sebastian. This is a real memorial. On it are buried the parents and the wife of the great Mozart. Of course, Salzburg is worth visiting without exception, especially for the lovers of the works of this famous composer.